What are these elephants doing?...Mysterious behavior...Intelligent beings, beyond belief!...

 What were these elephants trying to accomplish?  Any ideas?
"Sighting of the Day in the Bush"
A little affection between two warthogs in the garden.
For us, the most fascinating aspect of living in the bush is the opportunity to observe animal behavior.  Obviously, we're not animal behavioral experts but after watching wildlife full-time for over a year based on our current and previous time spent living in the bush and on endless safaris, we've been able to learn a little.
We couldn't help but wonder what was going on here.
At times, we see interactions and behaviors that leave us wondering what could possibly be going on.  Such was the case when we spotted elephants on the river, engaged in a most peculiar pattern while attempting to break down or dig into an embankment on the Crocodile River.

We watched for a while before taking the above video and today's included photos trying to formalize an opinion as to what was transpiring.  We were never able to come to a conclusion. 
One lone elephant decided not to participate in the action at the wall.
Instead, we made the video, took the photos and watched and waited until they finally wandered off to the river to drink, eat and clean off.  As we've reviewed the photos and video we're still at a loss. but we're willing to leave it at that...we don't always get to know what's in the minds of these and other amazing creatures.
Even the youngsters got in on the activity.
However, these and other animals we've observed have left us reeling with excitement to do some further research to see what we can learn.  There are many online sites offering a wide array of information on elephant behavior but the one we found most interesting is here.
Trunks were covered in mud.
We realize many of our readers prefer not to click on links and videos, so today, we're sharing some of the excellent information we discovered on the above website as shown below:

Elephants continue to fascinate both scientists and general observers alike. They are recognized as being among the most intelligent creatures on earth. In fact, some enthusiasts believe that their intelligence rivals that of human beings.

Aristotle even said of elephants: "The beast which passeth all others in wit and mind". 

It appeared they were using their mouths, not as much as their trunks to dig into the dirt wall.
Proportionally, the elephant's brain is the most sizeable at a mass of just over 5kg. Although the largest whale is 20 times the body size of an elephant, its brain is just under twice the size. 

The need for such a large and complex organ becomes clear when we consider the behaviors and abilities of these animals. Elephants are capable of a range of emotions, including joy, playfulness, grief, and mourning. In addition, elephants are able to learn new facts and behaviors, mimic sounds that they hear, self-medicate, play with a sense of humor, perform artistic activities, use tools and display compassion and self-awareness.

Part of the reason that elephants possess such a superior level of intelligence is the structure of their brain. Their neocortex is highly convoluted, as it is in humans, apes and some dolphins. This is generally accepted to be an indication of complex intelligence. The cortex is thick and comprises many neurons. The elephant is one of the few creatures (along with human beings) that is not born with survival instincts but needs to learn these during infancy and adolescence. The brain is specially designed to accomplish this sort of life learning. Elephants and humans have a similar lifespan, and plenty of time, approximately 10 years, is allowed for them to learn before they are considered to be independent adults. 

The insight and intelligence of the elephant are particularly noteworthy in their ability to mourn their dead. This behavior has only previously been noted in humans. In fact, recently deceased elephants will receive a burial ceremony, while those who are already reduced to a skeleton are still paid respect by passing herds. The burial ceremony is marked by deep rumblings while the dead body is touched and caressed by the herd members trunks.

Intelligence is also manifested in the elephant's ability to self-medicate. When a pregnant mother is due to give birth, she will chew on the leaves of the tree from the Boraginaceae family to induce labor. 

Every so often they backed off and took a break.
The ability to mimic sounds is another indication of the impressive intelligence of these beasts. Elephants have been recorded mimicking passing trucks and even the sounds made by their trainers. Often, the elephant manages to articulate certain sounds so that they bear a strong resemblance to the spoken word. 

Elephants are able to use tools or implements to accomplish a task they cannot perform on their own. They have been observed digging holes for drinking water, then molding bark from a tree into the shape of a ball and placing it on top of the hole and covering it over with sand to avoid evaporation. They also use sticks to scratch their backs when their trunk cannot reach and have been known to drop rocks on electric fences to damage them. 

The elephant's problem-solving abilities are another impressive facet of their boundless intelligence. Incredibly, the elephant is able to change its behavior based on a given situation. Bandula, an Asian elephant in captivity, had learned how to release the complex hook on her shackles and would then assist her fellow "inmates" to escape from theirs. 

Self-awareness is yet another indication of the vast capacity for thinking and intellect that exists in the elephant. They can, in fact, recognize themselves in a mirror, something that is extremely rare in the animal kingdom. 

These capabilities are merely touching the tip of the iceberg of what is the elephant's capacity for insight, thought and discernment. And it is this capacity that continues to captivate researchers and onlookers alike in their eternal quest to understand the mystery of the elephant psyche."
Later, they went down to the river to drink, eat and clean off.
No doubt, this information is astounding.  And yet, as we spend so much time watching elephants in the wild, we remain in awe of the depth of their intelligence and emotions. It appears they have many of the good qualities humans possess, leaving the more negative and critical behind.  We have so much to learn from them.

Today, a perfect weather day, cool with temps in the high 20C's (high 70F's) range with a few billowy white clouds drifting across a bright blue sky, will keep us on the veranda hoping to see visitors which continue to be at a minimum right now.

This morning, we had a few bushbucks stop by, Frank and the Mrs., dozens of helmeted guineafowl and many birds and hornbills eating the seeds in the birdfeeder.  We can always depend on them!

Have a fantastic day filled with wonder.


Photo from one year ago today, September 30, 3017:
Tom's burger and fries at Donde Bocha Antogeria in Atenas.  I ate the little side cup of guacamole when there was nothing else on the menu I could eat.  For more photos, please click here.

Reviewing "the numbers"...How many posts?...How can that be?...

An impala male who lost a horn, most likely in a fight for dominance.
"Sighting of the Day in the Bush"
An elephant's feet must carry a lot of weight:  "Elephants are the largest living terrestrial animals. The average male African bush elephant is 3.20 m (10.5 ft) tall at the shoulder and has a body mass of 6,000 kg (13,228 lb), whereas the average female is 2.60 m (8.53 ft) tall at the shoulder and have a mass of 3,000 kg (6,614 lb)."
Today's post is #2254.  Yes, that's right.  We've uploaded two thousand two hundred fifty-four posts since post #1 was uploaded on March 14, 2012 (click here for our first post). Wow!  That's even hard for us to believe!
Cape buffalos and elephants seem to get along well in the wild.
When we recall every location we've visited over this past almost six years since we left Minnesota on October 31, 2012, we can easily picture ourselves sitting somewhere in a vacation/holiday home, hotel or cruise ship, preparing each day's story.
Cape buffalos on the Marloth Park side of the river.
In the beginning, we didn't include many photos but once we left the US on January 3, 2013 (after a two-month stay in Scottsdale, Arizona, and Henderson, Nevada while making the final preparations for our departure) we knew photos would become an integral aspect of continuing our world journey and subsequent story.

With technology aligned to make this all possible, we knew we'd selected the right time in our lives to go on this adventure.  Little did we know then, how long we'd continue and still today, we can't predict the future...good health is the highest priority.
This crocodile hide looks different than others.  Any comments?
We started the first post as mentioned above in March 2012 and today, September 29, 2018, it's 2390 days later.  How is that possible?  Where did the extra 136 posts come from?  That adds up to an average of an extra 21 posts per year.

Big elephant cooling off in Sunset Dam in Kruger.
In reviewing the list of the archives its easy to see that some months, some years, we uploaded extra posts when the Wi-Fi signal was weak (a common occurrence in many countries) or the power was going off and on, often long enough for us to post a notice we were having difficulties and would prepare the post once services were restored.

At other times, we posted a short blurb on travel days, unsure if we'd later be able to prepare a full post at an airport while waiting to board a flight. Often times, we were able to connect. 

Each giraffe's face appears to have a unique expression.
Less often, we had situations where we had something to share that required periodic updates such as inclement weather, earthquakes, hurricanes and rough days at sea.

Cape buffalos lounging by the water on a very hot day.
In the first year, we wrote less often, for example in 2012, we only posted 160 stories but in 2014 we posted 377 times. One can see the totals for each year at the archives listed on the right side of the homepage, which changes daily with each new post.
Cape buffalo grazing close to the fence in Marloth Park.
Now you may ask, "Haven't we run out of topics yet?"  Not quite.  As long as we continue to enhance our days with new sightings, new activities, new cultures, meeting new people, embarking on tours and other adventures, we can't imagine running out of topics.

This is all that's left of the water in Vurhami Dam in Kruger after this long dry season.
I'll admit at times, our posts are mundane and less interesting.  Sorry about that.  But, I ask myself this...if someone told us we'd have to write the equivalent of an essay every single day of our lives, sick days included, I'd say it was impossible. 

Elephant family enjoying the cooling water on a hot day.
Then, we'd have to add new photos to each post every day, always on the search for new photo ops, I'd definitely say it was not something I could discipline myself to do.  Yet, here we are today on post #2254 with nary a moment's consideration of stopping.

Impalas in the background.
What keeps us motivated is all of YOU, our worldwide readers who share their stories with us, who send email regularly, who inquire as to how this life may work for them or, as in many cases to say "thank you" for providing this incessant story. 
An impala and a giraffe under the shade of a large tree.
But, we thank every one of you for following along with us. We never take your readership for granted and are eternally grateful for the opportunity to continue on this journey with you at our side. 
May you day be as special as you.
Photo from one year ago today, September 29, 2017:
One year ago, we posted photos of various churches we'd seen to date in our travels including the busy preparations surrounded the Igreja De Campanario church in Campanario, Madeira on July 2014 as workers rushed to get the decorations in place for Saturday's religious festivities.  See our link here.

Wildlife being darted and moved!...What's going on?...

From a recent visit to the "hippo pool" in the Crocodile River bordering Marloth Park.
"Sighting of the Day in the Bush"
Frank and the Mrs. show up every night at dusk in this little garden area where we give them seeds.  Then, they take off for the bush to make "their noise," a loud earsplitting call that can last several minutes.
It’s Friday morning, hot, humid and dusty.  Tom’s streaming the Minnesota Vikings football game on NFL GamePass while I’m preparing today's post offline. 
Frank and the Mrs. on the move to get to the little garden area where we give them seeds each night.  They are always together.
The Wi-Fi signal is too weak with all the tourists in the park for him to stream the game while I’m also online.  No matter.  I’m sitting here watching the game with him while multitasking, arranging photos and preparing the text on Word’s offline blog posting page.

Today is a low key day with little to do other than the matters on hand.  No chopping and dicing today.  Tonight we have a reservation for dinner at Jabula which will surely be yet another enjoyable evening. \
As we mentioned in yesterday's post found here, sometimes just watching and waiting (patience and perseverance) produces great results.  See below the result of doing so when we spotted this giraffe sitting in the bush.
Right now and over the past weeks the “visitors” to our garden are limited; a few bushbucks, lots of helmeted guinea fowl; with an occasional mongoose or two running through the garden.  We can’t wait to see kudus, zebra and warthogs and more during the daylight hours but that won’t be happening for a few more weeks when the school holiday is over.
We’re happy the holiday ends before our friend Lois and Tom arrive on October 9th.  It would be quite a disappointment for them to come all this way to see few if any wildlife in our garden during the days.  The evenings are better.  Last night, Wildebeest Willie, Tusker and Ms. Tusker (mating pair, it seems), Siegfried and Roy (male warthog buddies), Mom and Baby Bushbuck, Mr. Duiker and Frank and the Mrs. made lengthy appearances, thrilled with less competition for food.  They all got along well.
After watching this seated giraffe for quite some time, a monstrous dad, mom and baby appeared.  Please look carefully to spot the baby.  Could the giraffe seated be there young from last season's birth?
The previous night Siegfried got into a fracas with Tusker resulting in such loud warthog squeals that Martha came running out from her little house, wondering if everything was OK.  A short time later they returned, none the worse for the wear after the noisy fight. 
It’s easy to see how warthogs end up with holes in their faces when they fight for dominance with such vigor; usually over food and “women.”  Aren't those the same reasons for starting wars?
After watching further this family of five wandered off together into the bush.
In a local news article, we read that a number of animals are being darted and moved into Lionspruit, a game reserve within a game reserve, located right here in Marloth Park.  Lionspruit is the area where we’ve participated in braais, hosted by Louise and Danie, at Frikkie’s Dam. 
It's amazing to see how quickly the ostrich chicks are growing.
There are two lions in Lionspruit, Dezi and Fluffy (female and male) who will be happy to see the influx of more possible food for them.  There are adequate food sources for them in Lionspruit but this choice made by locals rangers and veterinarians who will oversee the operation, will add to their fodder.

This option, although daunting, is better than culling when food sources in Marloth Park are dwindling over the years with more and more natural habitat being overrun by the building of bush homes.  Many owners, in defiance of the rules of the municipality, grow grass and plant invasive alien plants which they ultimately enclose in fences. 
They seem to enjoy hanging out with their siblings but once grown they'll be off on their own to start their own families.
This severely reduces the vegetation coverage from which animals can graze.  We often wonder what the status of Marloth Park will be in 10 to 20 years.  This reality is relevant all over the world when natural habitat is destroyed by human intervention.  It’s a sad situation as we see more and more wildlife becoming extinct.
Apparently, 10 kudus, five zebras, five wildebeest and two giraffes will be relocated, of course keeping the dependent youngsters intact with their parents.  See the information we read on Facebook concerning the move.
Mom and Dad keep a watchful eye to ensure the safety of their chicks.
"The Marloth Wildlife Fund has been in contact with Wildlife Veterinary Services who have proposed a wonderful opportunity to move some of the excess game from Marloth Park to Lionspruit as part of their veterinary training courses. Qualified vets will, for the period of a week, commencing on Monday 1 October, be available to dart and move animals free of charge.
 As no firearms are permitted to be used in Marloth Park, this is an ideal solution to the excess population of wildlife in Marloth Park which are devastating the natural environment.

The population of animals in Lionspruit is at an all time low, and the environment can accommodate more animals. The gene pool of different species is very low in Lionspruit, which, if more animals are not introduced could result in inter breeding and the mutations that result will cause deformities, brain damage etc.
The Marloth Wildlife Fund is concerned about the welfare of the animals, and wants to ensure that they live as natural an existence as possible, have the correct nutrition and build up a healthy population.
This initiative has been approved by the Municipality and we have received the full support of MPPOA, MPRA and the Honorary Rangers.
We appeal to property owners and members of the public not to interfere with the Vets who will be undertaking this task in the coming week."
We wonder if any of those being moved are part of the many that visit us regularly.  We’ll have no way of knowing if they’ve been moved, injured or passed away from other causes.  But, I assure you, we’ll be waiting to see Wildebeest Willie in the garden, hoping he’s not in the lot that is going to be moved.

More beautiful impalas as mentioned in yesterday's post here.
Many homeowners are upset by this decision but culling is surely a less appealing option.  At least those who are moved have a chance of a good remaining life if they can avoid being captured by Dezi or Fluffy. 
As mentioned above there are dwindling numbers of animals in Lionspruit. We’ll be paying close attention as to the results of darting and moving the wildlife and subsequently the long-term residual effect.
That's it for today, folks.  Have a fantastic day!

Photo from one year ago today, September 28, 2017:

Long view of the altar at San Rafael in Atenas, Costa Rica.  For more photos, please click here.

Reaping rewards with patience and perserverance...

This was my favorite photo of the day.  Impalas have exquisite markings on their faces and bodies.
"Sighting of the Day in the Bush"
This massive old elephant had the thickest trunk we're ever seen! 

Power outage.  Wi-Fi outage. This is Africa.

This morning, when the power went out before we had a chance to even start today’s post, we decided to leave the house to make our usual drive.  When we were done, if we felt like it, we'd head to Komatipoort to do our weekly grocery shopping.
The poor elephant must be exhausted from carrying around this massive trunk.
Without much success on the drive, although we did spot a few distant lions at the river after a few hours, we decided to go ahead and drive to town to get the shopping out of the way.
The lions we spotted in Kruger yesterday were way too far for good photos.  We did the best we could capturing these two.
Not back at our holiday homes until 1:00 pm, I knew I needed the get the groceries put away especially the perishables in this 38C, (100F) temperatures.  Luckily, the power was back on when we returned but the Wi-Fi was showing as "limited."  This slowed us down further.
There were three lions under this tree but the other two were impossible to see behind vegetation.  We've certainly seen a lot of lions lately but have yet to witness a pride walking on the road.  Perhaps, someday soon.  but, who's complaining?  Not us!
In the interim, while awaiting the return of the signal, I went through many of the hundreds of photos we'd taken in the past several days.  Good grief, that's a full-time job in itself.
I often ask other amateur photographers what they do with all their photos. They often shrug and say, "I hope someday someone would want to look at them."
We believe this bird is a bateleur but are awaiting confirmation from friends Lynne and Mick, birding experts.
But, as we all know, most guests visiting us do not have any interest in looking at our vacation/holiday phots.  Everyone has their own to deal with.  Fortunately, we have the joy of sharing our favorite photos here on our posts with our readers from all over the world on a day-by-day basis.

However, without this, I doubt we'd be so enthusiastic in taking photos.  In our old lives, we rarely took photos and when we did they were fuzzy and off-center.  Now, in this arena, we have a strong desire to post quality photos to share with our readers.
Awkward pose while drinking from the cool waters at the Sunset Dam, not far from Lower Sabie.
Taking quality photos is our objective but often getting a good shot of wildlife is tedious and time-consuming especially in national parks where we're competing for prime vantage points with other equally determined photographers.

In Marloth Park during the less busy holiday periods, taking photos is a breeze when there' seldom anyone obstructing our view.  But, then again, we're dealing with nature, an unpredictable force that can move in a flash or not at all for hours at a time.
Proud male giraffe with dark spots.
Getting the right shot (photo, never gun) is entirely predicated on our patience and perseverance for precisely the correct moment.  Now, we're dealing with two forces of nature here, Tom and me, both of us, miles apart in our patience levels.  Can you guess who's what?
More impalas hanging out with a single wildebeest.
Yes, I'm the patient one and Tom is always ready to move on.  Oh, don't get me wrong...he gets equally enthused over a good sighting, at times even more so than me.  And, he'll spend the better part of each day's drive in Marloth and weekly drives into Kruger, maneuvering the car into suitable positions for the best photo advantage.
Since impalas and giraffes aren't competing for food, they cohabitate quite well.
But, once the camera clicks a few time, he's ready to move on while I could sit for hours waiting for the animal to make a move.  Surprisingly, this doesn't cause any issues between us.  

We've accepted each other's peculiarities so well, it never causes any disharmony between us.  If either of us is adamant in their stance, the other will compromise.  It's this very feature of our relationship that makes this 24/7 (24 hours a day, 7 days a week) lifestyle work for us.  Without it, we'd have stopped traveling long ago.
Could the impalas be hoping that some of the lush unreachable greenery in the treetops may drop to the ground for them to devour?  It all depends on how sloppy an eater the giraffe may be.
As a result, I accept the reality that sometimes, I need to be willing to move on and not "stake out" a sighting for the perfect scene.  Once in a while, I get lucky as in today's main photos, one of my favorites in this past month or more, a simple photo of the ever popular and abundant impala.

We have many more new photos to share.  If we didn't go out to seek more photos ops we could post for at least two months without taking a single shot.
But, our dedication, combined patience, and perseverance motivate us day after day to go out and look for more.
We seldom are able to take such close-up photos of impalas who are notoriously shy.  We were able to do so as we exited a loop of the main tar road in Kruger.
We don't forget for a day, subject to immigration/visa extension, we could be leaving Marloth Park in 146 days.  At the rate they're flying by now, this will be sooner than we realize.

Be well.  Be happy.  

Photo from one year ago today, September 27, 2017:
 Basilica Nuestra Senora de las Piedades is one of the most beautiful Catholic temples in Costa Rica, unique in its Renaissance style, was built between 1924 and 1928.  For more photos, please click here.

Leeu Day!...That means "Lion" day in Afrikaans...Love is in the air!....

Notice him licking her backside.  Hmm...
"Sighting of the Day in the Bush"
This woodpecker stopped by for some enthusiastic pecking in a tree by the veranda.  From this site"Campethera is a genus of bird in the family Picidae, or woodpeckers, that are native to sub-Saharan Africa. Most species are native to woodland and savanna rather than the deep forest, and multiple species exhibit either arboreal or terrestrial foraging strategies. Its nearest relative is the monotypic genus Geocolaptes of southern Africa, which employs terrestrial foraging and breeding strategies. They are however not close relatives of similar-looking woodpeckers in the "Dendropicos clade".
During these holiday times in South Africa, our daily drives in Marloth Park have been filled with a mix of an abject absence of wildlife sightings to breathtaking scenes unfolding across the Crocodile River.
This male lion was cuddling up to this female.
We keep our expectations in check each time we venture out.  Yesterday was no different when we took off at noon, not expecting to see much.  The lack of visitors to our garden over this past week only reminds us of how determined the wildlife is to stay "undercover" when there's an influx of holidaymakers in Marloth Park.
"There isn’t a mating season for the Lion but when there is plenty of food it is more likely to occur. The females are ready for mating when they are about four years of age. The males are mature about three-five years old. When the female is in estrus she may mate with the male more than 20 times per day. They may not even eat during this period of time. Due to so much activity, it is very often going to result in conception."
Of course, this isn't the case in Kruger National Park where the animals have
an area of 19,485 square kilometers (7,523 sq mi) in which to wander.  Even when the holidaymakers come to explore the wildlife the animals must not feel crowded or intimidated by the excess traffic and noise as they are here in Marloth Park during holiday periods such as occurring now.

After we drove for an hour into our usual two-hour drive, we resigned ourselves that we weren't going to see a thing...not in Marloth...not across the Crocodile River.  
Approximately 110 days after conception she will have her cubs – anywhere from 1 to 4. She will give birth in a den away from the rest of her pride. She will stay very close to the den and only hunt very small prey that she can take down on her own. This food will offer her the ability to continue producing milk for the young to consume.
But as we always say, safari luck prevails, in a matter of minutes, everything changed.  We not only encountered stunning scenes within the confines of Marloth Park that we'll share in the next few days but we were literally entranced by two outstanding sightings on the river.

Today, we're posting the river scenes of a mating pair of lions pointed out to us by a kindly gentleman, the only person at the overlook upstream from "Two Trees" who spoke little to no English.

When trying to spot lions at the distant bank of the river, whoever sees them first has the daunting task of attempting to point them out to others who happen to come by with binoculars and cameras.  
I literally held my breath while taking these photos since we were so far away and our camera has a limited range.
Lions blend into the surrounding rocks due to possessing the exact same coloration of the rocks and dry bush.  They are nearly impossible to spot with the naked eye and still difficult with binoculars and long-range cameras.

Our cameras are not of professional caliber.  We had to chose lightweight cameras due to weight restrictions and the fact that both of us have bad right shoulders and can't hold cameras with heavy lenses.  

Until camera technology improves, which we expect will transpire in years to come, we are stuck with what we have and have made every effort to do our best considering the limitations of the technology on hand.
Every few weeks the mom moves the cubs, one by one, to a new den or their scent will attract predators. When these cubs are approximately seven weeks old she'll take them to be introduced to the remainder of the pride.
It took a while for us to spot the lions when the gentleman had difficulty describing the landmarks where they could be seen.  Alas, with a little extra effort on both our parts, we saw them and could let the man continue on his way thanking him profusely in Afrikaans, although we weren't quite sure which language he spoke.

Usually, when lions are spotted when viewing from Marloth Park, a dozen or more cars can be seen at the overlook area.  Jockeying for a good position can be a challenge.  But, yesterday we were the only spectators at this most convenient overlook location.

Steadying the camera is the biggest challenge.  Our camera has the capability of zoom in to the opposite shore of the Crocodile River but not as far as up the steep embankment.  As an amateur photographer well knows, a steady hand is required and even breathing disturbs the clarity of a scene.
She took off, out of sight, and he remained in the shade on a hot day.
I placed the camera on a space between the barbs on the barbwire fence which has an electrified fence beyond it. The electric fence is fairly easy to avoid touching when the two fences are separated by less than a foot.

Each time I pressed the shutter, I took a deep breath and held it, knowing this was the only way I knew how to steady the camera with it placed on the thin wire. 

I had no idea if the photos were good when trying to view them in the bright sun until I uploaded them to my laptop.  We couldn't have been more thrilled to get the photos we're sharing today.  Forgive the repetition.  They are slightly different shots if you look closely.
She stood for awhile investigating opportunities for prey while he rested and watched.
As a matter of fact, I was so thrilled when we uploaded them I placed one, the main photo here today, on my Facebook page and also the Marloth Park sighting page where we've had tons of "likes," "comments" and "shares."  Thanks to all of our Facebook and Marloth Park friends for supporting our enthusiasm in sightings in the magnificent place.

Although the timing is a little off (we don't need more photos right now) we're still heading to Kruger as soon as we upload this post.  During the holiday season, such as the current "school holidays" it seems best to go mid-week but by the weekend an additional fee and reservation will be required to gain access to the Crocodile Gate along with several other entrances many kilometers apart.

We'll be back with more tomorrow, looking forward to sharing some new and exciting scenes, followed up by whatever we're gifted to see on today's self-drive safari in Kruger National Park.

Be well.  Be happy!

Photo from one year ago today, September 26, 2017:
Rapids in the Rio Grande River in Costa Rica.  We'd have stopped for a video or better shot but there was no shoulder at any point on the single lane bridge and other vehicles were waiting to cross.  For more photos, please click here.